6th International Conference on Stability and Handling of Liquid Fuels

Sheraton Wall Centre Hotel
Vancouver, B.C., Canada
October 12-17, 1997

Mr. Harry N. Giles, Conference Chair


Sunday, October 12th
4:00 - 6:00 pm Registration
6:00 - 8:00 Welcoming Reception

Monday, October 13th
7:30 - 8:00 am Registration
8:00 - 8:30 Opening Addresses: Mr. H. N. Giles, U.S. Department of Energy; and Dr. King and Mr. Schellhase, Powertech Labs.

Aviation Fuels - I. Dr. Cyrus P. Henry, Jr., Chair

8:30 - 9:00 R. E. Morris, E. L. Chang, D. B. Puranik, and V. A. David. Removal of Copper from Fuel by Heterogeneous Chelating Agents.
9:00 - 9:30 S.G. Pande & D.R. Hardy*. Effectiveness of MDA on Jet Fuel Thermal Stability as Determined Using the Gravimetric JFTOT: Effects of Extended Duration Testing and Time of Addition of MDA.
9:30 - 10:00 C. P. Henry. Retention of Metal Deactivator Additive Performance During Storage of Aviation Turbine Fuels.
10:00 - 10:30 Break
10:30 - 11:00 A. J. Power, P. M. Rawson, M. G. O’Connell, L. W. Hillen, and G. G. McVea. The “Black Avtur” Incident in Northern Australia (1994/95). To be presented by L. D. Palmer
11:00 - 11:30 K. H. Strauss. Jet Fuel Contamination by Diesel Fuel Dye.
11:30 - 12:00 pm L. D. Palmer, K. M. O’Callaghan, and B. C. Springthorpe. Impact of Caustic Treating on the Filterability of Jet Fuel
12:00 - 1:30 Lunch

Aviation Fuels - II. Dr. J. M. Bauldreay, Chair

1:30 - 2:00 S. D. Anderson, W. A. Rubey, and R. C. Striebich. The Measurement of Dissolved and Total Water Content in Advanced Turbine Engine Fuels Using a Gas-Liquid Chromatographic OTC Technique
2:00 - 2:30 V. B. Hughes. Aviation Fuel Handling: New Mechanistic Insight to the Effect of Surfactants on Water Coalescer Performance
2:30 - 3:00 P. David, S. E. Taylor, and A. J. Woodward. An Analytical Approach to Water Separation from Jet Fuels and Coalescer Disarming
3:00 - 3:30 Break
3:30 - 4:00 C. P. Henry. Stadis 450® in Aviation Fuel Applications - Updated.
4:00 - 4:30 B. Dacre and J. Hetherington. The Effect of Phenolic Impurities in Jet Fuel on the Behaviour of Conductivity Improvers
4:30 - 5:00 P. David, S. E. Taylor, and A. J. Woodward. Copper Contamination of Jet Fuel From Ship’s Heating Coils
6:00 - 8:00 Varlen Instruments Reception and Exhibit

*Underlined author’s name indicates speaker.

  Tuesday, October 14th

Aviation Fuels - III. Dr. J. I. Hetherington, Chair

7:30 - 8:00 am Registration
8:00 - 8:30 P. David, R. Mogford, S. E. Taylor, and A. J. Woodward. Characterisation and Quantification of Deposits from Thermally Stressed Aviation Fuels
8:30 - 9:00 E. G. Jones, W. J. Balster, and L. M. Balster. Impact of Fuel Recirculation on Thermal Stability 9:00 - 9:30 S.G. Pande and D. R. Hardy. Comparison of the Effects of Aging Conditions and Type of Soluble Copper Used on JP-5 Fuel Thermal Stability
9:30 - 10:00 J.E. Colbert and C.J. Nowack. Investigation of the Effects of Time on the Physical Collection of Aviation Fuel Deposits in a Scaled Turbulent Flow System. To be presented by R. A. Kamin
10:00 - 10:30 Break
10:30 - 11:00 D. H. Kalt, S. P. Heneghan, and A. Behme. The Effect of Detergent/Dispersant on Aircraft Materials 11:00 - 11:30 S. P. Heneghan and W. E. Harrison. The Development of JP8+100 from Concept to Fleet Implementation. To be presented by S. D. Anderson
11:30 - 12:00 pm M. D. Vangsness and S.P. Heneghan. Determining Additive Concentration and Additive Stability in JP8+100/Metal Alloy Systems at Elevated Temperatures
12:00 - 1:30 Lunch

Aviation Fuels - IV. Dr. P. David, Chair

1:30 - 2:00 J. M. Bauldreay, R. J. Heins, G. Houlbrook, and J. Smith. High Reynolds Number Thermal Stability (HiReTS) Rig for Realistic, Rapid Evaluation of Distillate Fuel Thermal Oxidative Stability
2:00 - 2:30 B. Dacre and J. Hetherington. Electrical Conductivity of HITTS Additive Packages for the JP8+100 Programme
2:30 - 3:00 J. M. Bauldreay, W. G. Blundell, R. J. Heins, G. Houlbrook, and J. Smith. Testing JP8+100 Packages in European Jet Fuels - Evaluating and Understanding Benefits and Drawbacks
3:00 - 3:30 Break
3:30 - 4:00 C. Moses, S. Seto, and S. Anderson. Experimental Evaluation of the Two-Tiered JFTOT Temperature Provision for Jet A Fuel
4:00 - 4:30 R. W. Morris, Jr., K. E. Binns, and J. R. Shardo. Evaluation of Thermal Stability Enhancing Additives in a Simulated Aircraft Fuel System. WITHDRAWN
4:00 - 4:30 S. Zabarnick, S. D. Whitacre, M. S. Mick, and J. S. Ervin. Studies of Jet Fuel Oxidation Using Oxidation Monitoring and Chemical Kinetic Modeling
4:30 - 5:00 J. S. Ervin and S. Zabarnick. Numerical Simulations of Jet Fuel Oxidation and Fluid Dynamics

Note: On Tuesday, October 14th there are concurrent sessions.

  Tuesday, October 14th

Long-Term and Strategic Storage. Dr. E. David, Chair

7:30 - 8:00 am Registration
8:00 - 8:30 J. W. J. Koenig. Eighteen Years of EBV’s Handling and Quality Experience Analyzed
8:30 - 9:00 T. Hara, N. Hinata, Y. Imagawa, M. Kawai, Y. Imai, Y. Kon, and T. Seiki. Long-Term Storage Stabilities of Crude Oil Reserved by Japan National Oil Corporation.
9:00 - 9:30 E. David & G. LeRicousse. Long-Term Gasoline Storage at the Geosel Manosque Salt Cavern Field in France. 9:30 - 10:00 J.B. Green, J. Y. Shay, K. A. Stirling, and H. N. Giles. Assessing the Potential for Oxidative Crude Oil Degradation During Long-Term Storage.
10:00 - 10:30 Break

Fuel Blending and Compatibility. Dr. J. Ben-Asher, Chair

10:30 - 11:00 J.D. Bacha. Controlling Residual Marine Fuel Composition by TGA
11:00 - 11:30 R. Kassinger. Fuel Blending - How to Minimize Risk of Incompatibility
11:30 - 12:00 pm J. Ben-Asher, D. Luria, and G. Krenis. A Computerized System for Prediction of Compatibility of Fuel Oils.
12:00 - 1:30 Lunch

General - I. Dr. J. D. Bacha, Chair

1:30 - 2:00 E.J. Beal and D.R. Hardy. An Improved Fuel Filterability Test
2:00 - 2:30 R. Malhotra, M. A. Coggiola, S. E. Young, and C. A. Spindt. GC-FIMS Analysis of Transportation Fuels
2:30 - 3:00 J.M. Nagpal, G. C. Joshi, I. D. Singh, and K. Kumar. Studies on the Nature of Gum Formed in Cracked Naphthas.
3:00 - 3:30 Break
3:30 - 4:00 J. Hartman and J.W.J. Koenig. An Expert System to Predict Fall-Outs From Crude Oil in Storage
4:00 - 4:30 E.J. Guthrie. United States Tank/EPA Regulations, Tank Inspection Methods, Tank Remediation Techniques and Strategies
4:30 - 5:00 H.L. Chesneau. Tank Cleaning Strategies and Techniques
5:00 - 5:30 K.M. Agrawal and J.H. Ganjoo. Studies on Paraffin Sediments Formation in Some Indian Crude Oils.

Note: On Tuesday, October 14th there are concurrent sessions.

  Tuesday, October 14th

6:00 - 7:30 pm Poster Session. Dr. D. R. Hardy, Chair

K. A. Bower, P. S. Brook, and J. Whitby. A Comparison of Jet Fuel Thermal Oxidation Test Visual Tube Ratings with Deposit Measurements by Ellipsometry

P. David, S. E. Taylor, A. J. Woodward, and P. Paduschek. Definitive Assessment of JFTOT Tube Deposits Using the Ellipsometric Tube Analyser

R. M. Giannini, N. Lynn, and R. Strucko. Analytical Results of a Worldwide Commercial Distillate Marine Fuel Survey Conducted by the U. S. Navy

J. P. Guo and B. Beaver. The Autoxidation of Phenalene

H. Kling and P.-Å. Skoog. Follow-up Study of an Occupational Health Problem When Handling Jet Fuel After Initiate Actions

R. Malhotra, M. A. Coggiola, S. E. Young, and C. A. Spindt. GC-FIMS Analysis of Transportation Fuels.

B.L. McFarland, F. J. Passman, and M. Hillyer. Microbial Succession and its Impact on Oxygenated Gasoline and Synthetic Tank Water Bottom Chemistry in Laboratory Microcosms

R. A. Neihof and H. N. Giles. A Novel Test Kit for Determination of Hydrogen Sulfide in Liquids

J. M. Pickard and E. G. Jones. Liquid-Phase Oxidation Kinetics for a Paraffin Blend

O. Pilviö, L.-Å. Larsson, and J. Vilhunen. Experiences in Use of Automatic Heavy Fuel Oil Stability Analyzer

L. L. Stavinoha and P. I. Lacey. Tests to Evaluate and Test Diesel and Gasoline Engine Fuel System Deposits

S. R. Westbrook. World-wide Survey of Automotive Diesel Fuels. WITHDRAWN

S. R. Westbrook, G. B. Bessee, S. A. Hutzler, and S. E. Novosad. A Remote-Site Fuel Quality Sensor. WITHDRAWN

S. Zabarnick, E. G. Jones, and S. Anderson. The Measurement of Antioxidant Performance in Aviation Turbine Fuel Using the Quartz Crystal Microbalance and Near Isothermal Flowing Test Rig

Conference Sponsors/Commercial Exhibits

A number of the conference’s sponsors will have exhibits on their products and services in the poster session. Among companies exhibiting are BDM Oklahoma, Inc., BetzDearborn HPC, Emcee Electronics, Ethyl Petroleum Additives, FQS, ITS/Caleb Brett, Nalco/Exxon Energy Chemicals, Octel America, Oiltanking Houston Inc., Plasmos GmbH, Saybolt Nederland BV, SGS Canada, and Varlen Instruments. Please visit their exhibits during Sunday night’s reception, the poster/exhibit session on Tuesday evening, and during the morning and afternoon breaks each day.

  Wednesday, October 15th

Middle Distillates. Dr. A. L. Pickard, Chair

7:30 - 8:00 am Registration
8:00 - 8:30 R. Pardede and B. D. Batts. The Role of Existent Soluble Gums on the Stability of Diesel Fuels 8:30 - 9:00 S.C.P. Ashton, W. M. Thomson, and S. Dixon. The Relationshop between Conductivity and Lubricity in “New” European On Road Diesel Fuels
9:00 - 9:30 K. Q. Stirling, J. B. Green, D. L. Ripley, and J. Vanderveen. The Effects of Moderate to Severe Hydrotreating on Diesel Fuel Properties and Performance.
9:30 - 10:00 J. A. Waynick. The Effect of Increasingly Severe Hydrotreating on Stability-Related Properties of No. 2 Diesel Fuel
10:00 - 10:30 Break
10:30 - 11:00 J.D. Bacha and D.G. Lesnini. Diesel Fuel Thermal Stability at 300?F
11:00 - 11:30 Zh.D. Kalitchin, Sl. K. Ivanov, M. I. Boneva, K. Kanariev, A. Ivanov, P. T. Georgiev, and S. K. Tanielyan. Thermo-Chemical and Thermo-Oxidative Stability of Diesel Fuels Containing Components of Light Catalytic Gas Oil
11:30 - 12:00 pm Y.K. Sharma, I. D. Singh, K. P. Bhatt, and K. M. Agrawal. Studies on Gum Formation Tendencies of Middle Distillate Diesel Fuels.
12:00 - 1:30 Lunch

Middle Distillates, concluded.

1:30 - 2:00 E.W. White. A Bit of History - The Development of Storage Stability Tests for Middle Distillate Fuels Since World War II.
2:00 - 2:30 Sl.K. Ivanov, Zh. D. Kalitchin, K. Kanariev, A. Ivanov, P. T. Georgiev, M. I. Boneva, and S. K. Tanielyan. Stability of Diesel Fuels With Improved Low Temperature Characteristics
2:30 - 3:00 S. Nandi, V. K. Sharma, R. Manoharan, B. R. Tyagi, S. P. Srivastava, and A. K. Bhatnagar. Improvement in Diesel Fuel Quality Through Additives.
3:00 - 3:30 Break

Microbiology. Dr. K. Bosecker, Chair

3:30 - 4:00 K. Bosecker. Microbial Deterioration of Hydrocarbons
4:00 - 4:30 F.J. Passman, B.L. McFarland, and M. Hillyer. Ability of Fuel and Water Soluble Biocides to Prevent Microbial Succession Changes to Oxygenated Gasoline and Synthetic Tank Water Bottom Chemistry in Laboratory Microcosms.
4:30 - 5:00 E.C. Hill. G. C. Hill, and D. Collins. A New On-Site Quantitative Test for Microorganisms in Fuel
6:30 - 11:00 Banquet dinner in the Harbourview room of the Vancouver Trade and Convention Center. Transportation provided.

  Thursday, October 16th

Alternative Fuels. Dr. P. Hödl, Chair

7:30 - 8:00 am Registration
8:00 - 8:30 P. Roets, J. J. Botha, C. A. Moses, and L. L. Stavinoha. Stability and Handling of Sasol Synthetic Jet Fuel
8:30 - 9:00 J.A. Waynick. An Evaluation of the Stability, Lubricity, and Cold Flow Properties of Biodiesel Fuel
9:00 - 9:30 P. Hödl, M. T. Rodo-Cima, H. Schindlbauer, N. Simkovsky, and W. Tuechler. Oxidation Stability of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Used as Diesel Fuel Substitute
9:30 - 10:00 J.W.J. Koenig. Biodiesel, An Environmental Blessing or a Biodegradation Headache for Long-Term Storage.
10:00 - 10:30 Break

General - II. Mr. C. J. Martin, Chair

10:30 - 11:00 L.L. Stavinoha, M. E. LePera, R. L. Gray, L. H. Hicks, and L. Turner. Storage Stability of Reformulated Gasolines (RFG)
11:00 - 11:30 R.M. Giannini, N. Lynn, and R. Strucko. Summary Findings of the Property/Compositional Results of a Worldwide Commercial Distillate Marine Fuel Survey
11:30 - 12:00 pm S.R. Westbrook and M.E. LePera. Survey of Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuels and Aviation Kerosenes Delivered to United States Military Installations. WITHDRAWN
12:00 - 1:30 Lunch

General - II, concluded

1:30 - 2:00 J.J. Colyar, R. O. Koseoglu, and A. Quignard. Recent Developments in the Production of Stable Fuel From H-Oil Process Bottoms
2:00 - 2:30 Adiwar, M. Rahman, and H. P. Sihombing. The Elimination of Color in Kerosene Fraction Derived from Duri and Minas Crude Oil Mixture by Exposure to Light.
2:30 - 3:00 W. L. Parker and N. R. Calvert. Development of Field Analytical Procedures for Spec•Aid 8Q462, a Jet Fuel Thermal Stability Additive
3:00 - 3:30 Break
3:30 - 5:30 Plenary Business Meeting. Mr. H. N. Giles, Chair
5:30 Conference Closes

  Friday, October 17th

Optional Technical Tours


9:00 am - 1:00 pm Mohawk Refinery
1:00 - 5:00 pm Power Tech Labs.